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Going into the wilderness in the vast land of America. There is an enormous and numerous beast living in group in The Great Plains. The moving horde that filled all over the plains. Strong, beautiful and majestic. They are the Bison, a fabulous beast symbolize the strength and the wild spirit of America.
They are roamed in North America. Mostly roamed in the central grassland of the continent. Their historical range, by 9000 BCE, is described as the great bison belt, a tract of rich grassland that ran from Alaska to the Gulf of Mexico, east to the Atlantic Seaboard (nearly to the Atlantic tidewater in some areas) as far north as New York and south to Georgia and, according to some sources, down to Florida, with sightings in North Carolina near Buffalo Ford on the Catawba River as late as 1750.
Up until now, the bison have a great importance life for the people of the Plains; The Sioux. To members of the Sioux tribe, the bison is a sacred symbol embodying both life and abundance. Its importance to them historically was immense, both in legend and everyday life. Understanding the bison that provide the Sioux tribe for their food, for their shelter, for their food, for their games, for their survival. Sioux tribe always depend on bison and so they were never do over-killing to the bison and always preserved the existence of the bison. The Bison and The Sioux also have spiritual connection and were considered brothers and sisters of the Plains people. The Sioux tribe, in this point especially The Lakota people, referred to them as the Buffalo Nation So, It’s impossible to totally explain how important the bison is
The story of what happened to bison is a complex story. And there are tons of story to tell on. In the final decades of the 1800’s, cultural changes swept across the prairie and this will affect to all the bison. You will find out soon enough
The saga of bison the enormous beast continues. A storm of disasters coming in the final decades of the 1800’s, cultural changes swept across the prairie devastating plains Indian people and pushing bison to the brink of destruction. Although the bison have imposing strength, actually they are a vulnerable species. This what happen to them centuries ago.
All change in the America. That change arrived in the form of drought, came in the Euro-American settlers, horses, trains, disease, and the most danger parts; the existence of hide hunters. A lot of reasons that the bison went into the near-extinction. People becoming greed, they were figured it out the worth value inside the hides and processed it by power machines of the industrial revolution. After that, they made belts and other things. The most worst of that was the colonization of America treats animals and wildlife as congress of resources so they could made them into commodities and exploited it at they whim.
Subsequent to the civil war, trains brought west thousands of former soldiers turned hide-hunters. The largest destruction of wildlife. Discoverable in modern world history. When the hunters came in, they were cruelty shoot the bison in random. Killing to kill and just watch them fall. A mass slaughter, filled the plains with bleaching skeletons lie scattered like ghastly monuments of slaughter.
This was a heartbreaking story of the bison. From the cruelty and greed of the people, the energy of Great Plains leaving that valley
But, againts all odds, American bison survived near-extinction and today considered a conversation success story. There are now nearly 500.000 bison living on the Great Plains and around 30,000 on public lands which includes environmental and government preserves. According to the IUCN, roughly 15,000 bison are considered wild, free-range bison not primarily confined by fencing.
From all story of Bison, this enormous beast have a close relationship with local native. Chief Arvol Looking Horse from the Lakota Sioux Nation once said “In my body, in my blood runs the spirit of the buffalo.”
The Sioux and Bison, both always together in a million years and together in a long journey as a harmonic relatives. The existence of this enormous beast is greatly important for the Sioux people. The bison is a sacred symbol embodying both life and abundance. Its important to them historically was immense, both in legend and everyday life. The Plains Indian people acknowledge the bison for the size of their relative. Also. Plains Indian languages in general, male and female buffaloes are distinguished, with each having a different designation rather than there being a single generic word covering both sexes.
In Arapaho, they call the bison “bii” (buffalo cow) and “henéécee” (buffalo bull). The Omaha acknowledge the bison as “te”. While The Lakota people call the bison as “ta”. You will hear “tatáŋka” (buffalo bull) but “táŋka” is something that is huge. It’s big. Tatáŋka also have another meaning. It means “He Who Owns Us.”
The Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota (Sioux) Indians used the bison for food, tools, shelter, games and others. Because the bison was so important, it had a special place in their religion. An old story tells that the Indians once lived underground. They called themselves Pte Oyate, some other called Tatáŋka Oyate. Both of them means the Buffalo Nation. One day, they came to the surface to live. Here, life was hard. A holy man named tatáŋka came to them as a bison. He gave the people everything they needed. Today, one Indian name for the buffalo is tatáŋka or táŋka
The Sioux and The Bison have been together in a long journey as close and harmonic relative, Tatáŋka Oyate. For the Sioux people, It is all about understanding the responsibilities of two-leggeds for taking care their relative. The Buffalo Nation has always been here. And of course, history records their relationship in South Dakota as a prove of their harmonious relationships
Harmonic relation between the Bison and the Sioux pictured in America. Somewhere in America, in South Dakota, there are a statue of bison and Indian People. In there, you can see many statue that picturing 14 bison pursued by 3 Native Americans riders. The statue is the prove of great importance of the bison for the Plains people. A prove that story of a bison is exist and remain preserved until now.
A local native and Bison have a long story and there were so many stories about it that have been told. From all that stories, there was another story of bison, a tale among the Sioux people. The tale about the bison but not just ordinary bison.
Of all the bison that lived in the Great Plains, there is one unique bison that is sacred among the Sioux people. The presence of this sacred beast is rare and some say when the beast is come, the beast will keep and teach the prophechy, the way of life to the people of Sioux.
The Great White Buffalo, a symbol of abundance and manifestation. The birth of a sacred white buffalo is a sign of hope and an indication of good times to come. For many American Indians, the birth of a white buffalo calf is the most significant of prophetic signs. The Lakota and other tribes believed that a white buffalo is the most sacred living thing on earth. In addition, many buffalo change colors as they age, and those colors must be interpreted by a holy man.
There is a great story behind the arrival of Sacred White Beast
when the seven sacred council fires of the Lakota Sioux came together and camped during the summer. The people were starving because there was no game. Two young men went out to look for food for their people in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Along the way, a beautiful young woman dressed in white appeared to them, saying, “Return to your people and tell them I am coming.” When she presented herself to the Lakota people with the sacred pipe which showed how all things were connected, she taught them the mysteries of the earth. She taught them to pray and follow the proper path while on earth.
Then, before leaving, she rolled upon the earth four times, changing color each time, turning into a white buffalo calf before she disappeared. As she left, great herds of buffalo surrounded the camps. After that day the Lakota honored their pipe and buffalo were plentiful.
The story of this enormous beast never end and we must told the stories to the new generations so this magnificent beast will always be admired